Excessive production of the thyroid hormones is called hyperthyroidism, which is most commonly a result of Graves’ disease, a toxic multinodular goitre, a solitary thyroid adenoma, or inflammation. Other causes include drug-induced excess of iodine, particularly from amiodarone, an antiarrhythmic medication; an excess caused by the preferential uptake of iodine by the thyroid following iodinated contrast imaging; or from pituitary adenomas which may cause an overproduction of thyroid stimulating hormone.
An under-active thyroid gland results in hypothyroidism. Typical symptoms are abnormal weight gain, tiredness, constipation, heavy menstrual bleeding, hair loss, cold intolerance, and a slow heart rate
Thyroid nodules are often found on the gland, with a prevalence. The majority of nodules do not cause any symptoms and are non-cancerous. Non-cancerous cases include simple cysts, colloid nodules, and thyroid adenomas.
An enlarged thyroid gland is called a goiter. Goiters are present in some form in about 5% of people, and are the result of a large number of causes, including iodine deficiency, autoimmune disease (both Grave’s disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis), infection, inflammation, infltrative disease such as sarcoidosis and amyloidosis.
Homeopathy is very proficient in managing the symptoms of Thyroid. There is an excellent success rate in homeopathic treatment for Thyroid.